What is a Concussion?
A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury, or TBI, caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that can change the way your brain normally works. Concussions can also occur from a blow to the body that causes the head to move rapidly back and forth. Children and teens are among those at greatest risk for concussion. Even what appears to be a mild bump or blow to the head can cause concussion symptoms. Both physical and cognitive rest is required to give the brain a chance to heal.
Signs and symptoms of concussion can show up right away or may not appear until hours or days after the injury. It is important to watch for changes in how your child is acting or feeling after getting hit on the head. Most concussions occur without loss of consciousness. If you or your child notices one or more of the symptoms listed below, call your physician or seek medical attention right away.
Observed by parent or guardian Reported by a child or teen
• Appears dazed or stunned • Difficulty thinking clearly
• Is confused about events • Difficulty concentrating or remembering
• Answers questions slowly • Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy, or groggy
• Repeats questions • Headache or “pressure” in head
• Can’t recall events prior to the hit, bump, or fall • Balance problems or dizziness
• Can’t recall events after the hit, bump, or fall • Fatigue or feeling tired
• Loses consciousness (even briefly) • Blurry or double vision
• Shows behavior or personality changes • Sensitivity to light or noise
• Forgets class schedule or assignments • Does not “feel right”
• More emotional than usual
If your child is diagnosed with a concussion, notify the nurse as soon as possible and provide written documentation from the Healthcare Provider. An Academic Recovery Plan will be developed for your child based on the MD orders and shared with you, your child and your child's teachers. If your child participates in athletics, they may not participate until cleared by their physician and a plan for gradual return to play has been established between your child and the Athletic Trainer.